Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
CBT is not a specific type but a class of therapy that shares certain features. For example, CBT for fear of needles will by different to CBT for depression. The common elements include an explicit focus on thoughts and behaviours. Therapy will be interactive with the therapist talking and taking an active stance; patient and therapist working collaboratively on the agreed aims of the therapy.
What you believe about yourself, other people in general, and the way the world works determines your mood and behaviour.
CBT aims to identify inaccurate beliefs that confuse and distress, and helps people modify their thinking and behaviour.
Changing how you think and behave also changes how you feel.
It is a structured approach – you agree goals for treatment with your therapist and try things out between sessions.
CBT is the main evidence-based therapy for the treatment of a range of psychological difficulties.